Guide to Search Engine Optimization

The business of making your website as visible as possible in a search engine’s organic results is known as search engine optimization, or SEO.

Organic results appear naturally when you search and are displayed because a site is regarded authoritative for a particular search query. The higher the ranking, the more likely the website is to satisfy the user’s needs. The other results you see are paid advertising with the words ‘sponsored’ or ‘ad’ above them, and while they still have a quality component to how they rank, they also have a financial component that organic results don’t have.

So you construct a wonderful website, write a blog every day/week, and the search engines adore it, sending your company to the top of the organic search engine rankings?

In theory, yes, but it takes a little more consideration.

So, What Are Search Engines?

The world’s most popular search engine has become so ubiquitous that it has become a verb.

If you want to learn more about ‘such and such,’ all you have to do is ‘Google’ it.

Other search engines exist, but Google, Bing, and Yahoo are the most popular (Google accounts for over 92 percent of all searches). Bing is in second place with only 2.4 percent, therefore you should always optimize for Google first).

These search engines are online repositories that contain billions of web pages, and when a user searches for something, the search engine raids those repositories to locate the most relevant results for the query. SERPs – Search Engine Results Pages – are the pages that show the results. It’s a computerized filing cabinet.

image of algorithms in seo

What’s the deal with the algorithm?

Sites with the most relevant content for a user’s search intent are given a higher ranking than those without. And as your site falls out of the first three organic search engine results, users are less inclined to click. Fewer clicks indicate fewer visitors to your website, and fewer visitors indicate fewer sales.

But how can a search engine make sure that all of the pages in its index are correct? Algorithms are computer programs that are used. These algorithms are famous for being a mystery because they use a multitude of elements to determine how relevant a page is to a user’s search query. Nobody knows exactly what goes into the algorithms that determine ranking variables (though it’s widely assumed Google employs more than 200).

Google does, on occasion, provide hints, but essentially everything SEO marketers know about Google’s algorithm has come through trial and error.

The weight given to each aspect is determined by factors such as location, intent, content freshness, and authority. More technical criteria like simplicity of navigation, site performance, and convenience of use on various devices are also considered… along with at least 193 other considerations.

Search Engine Optimization: A Basic Overview

To begin with, all search engines and other similar services use various ranking algorithms. However, they all have one thing in common: they all aim to provide the greatest possible search results in order to keep people returning to their search engine.

They accomplish this by dispatching ‘spiders’ to crawl each site’s web pages, capturing a snapshot that the algorithm may use to determine how the sites for a given search query should rank.

So, here’s where we’ll start talking about connections…

graphic of search engine optimisation backlinks and internal links

When spiders scan a website, they follow links, which is one of the reasons why links are valued so highly in SEO rankings. If a spider lands on a website that links to yours, it will do one very crucial thing…

It will then follow that link to your site and index it. That implies that if someone searches for something related to that page on your site on Google, that page will be ranked as a source of information and will appear in the search results.

Which brings me to my next point:

Pages, not complete websites, are ranked by Google…

It’s worth noting that even this point of view may be outmoded. As experienced optimizer Neil Patel puts it, instead of focusing on page rankings and keywords, the focus is now on how people engage with a product or service and the ROI (and we’re using Google as an example because of its massive 92 percent share of the search market).

In search engine optimization, spiders and web crawling are used.

Assume your crawled page contains no internal links (those linking to other parts of your site). What are the spiders going to do? They’ll come to a halt on that single page. And that’s a waste of some excellent material.


The spiders will follow the links and add the pages to the index if you have good internal linking (and that includes relevant links).

The spiders can be obstructed by a variety of things.

No follow instructions, for example, direct spiders not to follow a certain link, whereas robots.txt is a site’s own list of pages that can be crawled. We’ve already mentioned that pages without internal links are less likely to be crawled.

One aspect of the SEO procedure is to optimize your pages with links. Consider having a website with hundreds of product pages, helpful material, and blogs. You want others to read it. Without links, though, those pages may be left in the dark.

Furthermore, sites with high search engine optimization value can lend some of their worth to other pages on your site. It’s sometimes referred to as SEO juice…

Of course, crawling is only one aspect of the search engine optimization process, and Google finds websites in a variety of ways. However, it is still the most common method, and Google still employs PageRank to determine authority. In addition, authority is given a significant boost in search engine results.

What is PageRank, and how does it work?

Backlinks were mentioned in a previous example. But how does Google’s algorithm determine which pages are relevant to a user’s search intent and which are not? It’s known as PageRank.

If you maintain a website, you may have already received prospecting emails inviting you to link for mutual gain…

“Hello there. You sell baseball bats, and I sell baseball cards, I noted. Would you be willing to link to my website? I have a lot of wonderful content that your audience would enjoy, and so on…”

However, many do this in order to obtain that all-important backlink.

For the Google algorithm, these links are a sign of authority. It seems to reason that if your site and content are good, other sites will want to link to it, implying that it is a site deserving of being placed first in the search results.

When a backlink comes from a page with a higher PageRank, Google will give it greater weight.

Or so it appeared…

A few years ago, there was a tool called Google PageRank Toolbar that rated a site’s page rank value from one to ten (ten being the best). Because the links came from authoritative sites, links from a site with a high page rank should theoretically increase ranks.

However, Google ceased supporting it in 2013 and removed it entirely in 2016.

And SEOs were split between those who believed PageRank was no longer significant and those who believed it was still relevant, even if it wasn’t apparent.

However, it may be simpler to conceive of PageRank in two ways: as a toolbar and as an algorithm.

The PageRank algorithm is still alive and well. The toolbar, on the other hand, isn’t.

“It was so effective that it became the foundation of the search engine we now know as Google, and it still is,” Ahrefs said of PageRank.

If you’re curious, here’s the algorithm from the original 1997 patent:

Page A, we suppose, has pages T1…Tn that point to it (i.e., are citations). The damping factor d is a variable that can be set between 0 and 1. The default value for d is 0.85. The next section contains further information about d. C(A) also refers to the number of links that lead away from page A. A page’s PageRank is calculated as follows:

PR(A) = (1-d) + d (PR(T1)/C(T1) +… + PR(Tn)/C(Tn)) PR(Tn)/C(Tn)) PR(Tn)/C(Tn)) PR(Tn)/C(Tn)) PR(Tn)/C(Tn

Because PageRanks are a probability distribution over online pages, the total PageRank of all online pages will be one.

That’s right!

image of google search engine results

‘All right, Google.’ What Else Is There?

The preceding is only one part of the search engine optimization process. Everything from ensuring sure page names and meta descriptions are excellent enough to inform and elicit a click (and are the proper character length) to directing internal links to your finest content is part of smart search engine optimization. You should also consider the following points. Some are on-page changes, while others necessitate technical understanding.

Content that answers a user’s search query, gains backlinks, and is shared is authoritative.
The use of keyword research and optimization can help you rank for relevant searches.
The site must load quickly and provide a positive user experience.
Not only do you need perfect page names and meta descriptions, but you also need a logical URL structure.
To stand out in results pages, use the right snippet and schema markup.
Optimising For Intent-Based Search

Is the page that appears on the results page relevant to the user’s search query? It’s a crucial question.

Maybe they’re wanting to buy anything, or maybe they’re just doing some research? If you optimize for a specific keyword yet the searcher’s goal is different, they’ll quickly leave your website. In terms of search engine optimization, that’s not very good.

There are techniques to optimize for this, and you should look at what the search engine results pages are delivering.

Let’s have a look at the many sorts of intent:
Useful information

The user is looking for information, whether it’s a short response or something more in-depth. Also keep in mind that individuals don’t always look for information in the form of a question.

Consider the following scenario:

“What is SEO?” you might wonder.

“Digital Marketing” is a term that refers to the use of

Getting around

The user is seeking for a certain website or page in this case.

Consider the following scenario:

“Revitalize Digital” is a phrase that has been used to describe a

“BBC Sport” (British Broadcasting Corporation)


Transactional searches, as the name implies, are used by those who want to buy something and are seeking for a store that sells it.

Consider the following scenario:

“affordable garden furniture”

Ray-Ban aviator sunglasses are available for purchase.

Investigation of a Business

These searches indicate that the customer is ready to buy or use a service but is unsure about the best solution for them.

Consider the following scenario:

“Essex’s best Indian restaurant”

“Shark vs. Dyson cordless vacuum cleaner”

It’s a solid signal that searchers are hunting for information when featured snippets appear.

However, keep an eye out for the types of results that the top-ranked sites provide. Are these product pages or blogs? Are they instruction manuals? You can use whatever theme the top ranked sites are using to make your own material relevant.

If someone wants to buy but you give a fantastic how-to-infographic, you may wind up with a disgruntled customer.

Also, keep in mind that all search engines try to provide the best results for the searcher’s query.

Is it mobile-friendly?

The majority of individuals nowadays use a smartphone or tablet. As the number of individuals looking on these devices grew, Google offered those sites that took it into consideration a ranking boost in 2016. Then, in 2018, Google implemented a mobile-first indexing strategy. Google ranked you based on your mobile-page.

What if your website isn’t mobile or responsive yet? Not everyone was successful (but they got them fast when traffic started to drop).

Pages that load faster

Google uses page speed as a ranking factor. Your conversion rate will be harmed by a slow website.

That implies you’ll need to remove all extraneous features and reduce picture file sizes to web-friendly sizes in order for it to load quickly.

When users create a Document Object Model on your site, do they run into a script? Okay, boosting site speed is a little more technical, but here are a few simple strategies to speed up your site:

File Compression

Reduce the size of CSS, HTML, and JavaScript files that are more than 150 bytes (do not include images if you use a tool to compress files). Other methods of image optimization should be used).

Optimise Your Photographs

Make sure your photographs aren’t taking up more space than they need to. Graphics should be saved in PNG format, while images should be saved in JPEG.

Use a CSS image sprite for buttons (Shop Now, Click Here) to reduce the amount of server queries and conserve bandwidth.

CSS, JavaScript, and HTML should all be optimized.

Remove any extraneous characters, such as spaces, and any useless code from your code. Don’t forget about comments and formatting in the code.

Cache, Cache, and Cache Some More

Optimise your cache so that, when possible, your site loads cached pages or sections of cached pages.


The loading of a page is slowed every time it redirects to another page. Reduce the number of redirects as much as possible.

JavaScript with Render-Blocking

Blocking JavaScript should also be avoided or used sparingly, according to Google.

Response from the server

Traffic, what needs to be loaded, software, and hosting all affect the speed of your site. To improve the process, look for areas where replies are delayed.

Networks for content distribution and delivery

Users have faster access to your site’s content when the content is stored across numerous servers rather than in a single location.

Finally, Google provides a page speed insights report for your URL as part of its statistics, complete with advice and suggestions for improvement.


EAT stands for experience, authority, and dependability.

These aren’t genuine ranking factors, but they were originally mentioned in the Google Guidelines in 2014 as something that good sites should strive towards if they want to be noticed by Google.

It’s what your site needs to be in order for the world’s largest search engine to think it’s good. It’s also considered in context. Because the subject matter is less severe, a children’s book author is not required to write with the same authority as a medical professional writing about serious illness.

Google employs roughly 10,000 reviewers, according to MOZ, to evaluate the quality of highly ranked websites in the SERPs. Their findings are forwarded to the developers, who then incorporate any algorithm changes to assist offer the best results for a search query.

Google updated the assessors’ standards in 2018 to cover not only the content but also the content creators.

As a result, authors had to be well-versed in the subject they were writing about. As a result, things like the following can be beneficial:

Author’s surname
bio of the author

Being an expert and having an author bio on a website isn’t enough in and of itself, but when you’re generating high-quality material, a bio helps Google notice what else you’re publishing on the web and mentally connect the dots.

Simple language and brief sentences should be used in the content. It should also provide references to pertinent resources. So, Dickens, you’ll have to give up those long, wordy pages of text in favor of something more web-friendly. However, keep in mind the context.

Because what you have to give is why people visit your site, you should always keep pages relevant and intensely focused on the issue.

It’s not just on the page; make sure your topic is included in:

Your tag for the title

The URL Image alt text (you should add alt text to all of your photos because Google’s spiders can’t read images, so you’ll have to describe what the image depicts)

And, when it comes to putting it all together, a properly optimized page should include all of the following:

Relevant to a certain subject
The title tag should contain the theme of your page.
The title of the page in the URL The title of the page in the picture alt text
Throughout the writing, mention the subject more than once.
Content that is distinctive
a link to the websites of its subcategories and categories
a return link to the home page
Make the Best Content Possible

While the algorithms have evolved in the past and will continue to change in the future (sometimes because people find new ways to scam the system, forcing Google to respond), the fundamentals stay the same.

Create useful, relevant content that users will appreciate, and then optimize it. Make them want to tell others about it. Make your site load quickly so users don’t have to wait, and make it simple to browse. Make it logical for a user to understand.

You’ll be rewarded with high-quality traffic that converts and good rankings.

Also, keep in mind that if you construct your site for individuals, Google will reward you.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *