As of current data, the estimated number of internet users globally is around 3.58 billion.
Although computer code is widely used for web development, coders remain a relatively scarce group.
What Is Website Development?
Can you provide an explanation of website development?
Web development and web design are two distinct aspects of creating a website. Web development involves technical aspects, while web design focuses on the visual aspects.
Understanding how web code functions can be beneficial.
Modern content management systems such as WordPress and Wix have made web development accessible to individuals without coding experience.
Having a basic understanding of web technologies can be beneficial for developers to solve issues and develop personalized solutions.
Web development plays a significant role in generating revenue by creating efficient online experiences.
Why Learn Web Development?
What are the reasons for studying web development?
In summary, the potential for employment.
The profession of web development is rapidly expanding, with a projected 8 percent job growth in the industry between 2019 and 2029 according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. This field offers great potential for professionals interested in leveraging their technical skills while also enjoying flexibility and growth opportunities.
Web developers are responsible for creating, maintaining, and updating websites and web applications. Their duties include tasks
The 2 Categories Of Web Development
Back-end web development deals with the server-side development process of a website or application. The developer creates systems that make sure the database is secure, stores the right kinds of information in the database, generates reports from that data when needed, manages user permissions/authorizations to access certain parts of a website, and more. Back-end technologies used by developers include PHP, Ruby on Rails (RoR), Python and .NET among others. These technologies usually communicate with front-end code using APIs like AJAX so that web applications can run in real time between server requests without refreshing pages or reloading them completely each time any action happens on a web page.
What Is Front End Development?
Front-end web development is the programming that produces the displayable portion of websites and applications. It is commonly referred to as client-side development, as the code to create the page and application views are sent from a web server directly to the user’s browser. The end user then experiences the website through their browser window.
Client-side scripting, also known as frontend development, encompasses the direct
Frontend code is responsible for the visual aspects of a website that visitors see in their web browser. This includes layout, fonts, colors, menus, and contact forms.
Consider exploring CareerFoundry’s Intro-to-Frontend Development Course, a one-month program led by a tutor and mentor that teaches client-side coding.
What Is Back End Development?
Server-side scripting, also known as backend development, focuses on the processes that occur behind the scenes.
The backend of a website is responsible for storing and organizing data and ensuring smooth client-side operations by communicating with the frontend, which is not visible to the user.
When an action occurs on the client-side, such as filling out a form, the browser sends a request for information from the server-side. The server-side responds with relevant frontend code, which the browser interprets and displays.
Learn more: What’s the difference between frontend and backend?
Websites also rely on database technology.
A website’s essential files and content are stored and organized in a database, which is typically managed through a relational database management system (RDBMS) and runs on a server.
The frontend, backend, and database technology are integral components that collaborate to create and operate a comprehensive website or application, serving as the fundamental building blocks of web development.
Full Stack Web developer
The route to becoming a full stack web developer varies depending on one’s requirements. For those with limited time on their hands, an intensive bootcamp can equip them with the skills needed to make them more employable within three to six months. On the other hand, some may find it beneficial to pursue a degree in computer science or information technology for those looking for wider options while setting aside four or more years to fully develop the necessary skillset required from such programs.
How do websites work?
Websites are comprised of files stored on a server that is connected to the internet. These websites can be accessed through a browser, also known as a client, on a computer or phone.
So, every time that you’re on the internet, you (the client) are HTML is the language that provides the structure and content of a website. It’s what gets loaded in the user’s browser when they navigate to a web page, and it dictates how all other front-end technologies are applied on the page. HTML is also used to define regions of content such as headings, paragraphs, forms, etc. When writing in HTML, tags are used to describe different elements in the webpage which a browser will interpret to display properly.
CSS is Cascading Style Sheets and it helps determine how things look on an HTML page. It enables designers to create stylish and visually appealing websites with great typography as well as fonts, layouts and color schemes. CSS can be written inline into HTML or it can be created as separate files that get called upon when a website loads up. Proper usage of CSS not only ensures consistent styling but also helps speed up loading times by storing commonly used styles outside of pages so that they don’t need to be re-evaluated each time a page loads.
getting and loading data (like cat pics) from the server, as well as submitting data back to the server () This back and forth between the client and the server is the basis of the internet. load moar cat pics!
Web developers create a variety of online content that can be accessed through a web browser, ranging from basic business websites and blogs to intricate web applications like AirBnb, Facebook, and Twitter.
Markup languages provide instructions for text formatting in software. These languages are human-readable and include standard vocabulary, but the markup tags are not visible in the final output.
HTML and XML are frequently used markup languages.
HTML is a coding language commonly used in website development.
HTML is the preferred language for website creation and development. HTML, an abbreviation for HyperText Markup Language, is composed of tags that determine the display of content on a webpage. For instance, to make a sentence bold in HTML, one would use the tag Make this sentence bold!. This particular syntax instructs the browser to interpret the enclosed text, which in this case is “Make this sentence bold!”, to be displayed in a bold typeface.
HTML tags have various purposes in website design, such as formatting and linking pages. HTML5 has introduced new features like audio and video playback without plugins. Being proficient in HTML is crucial for web developers to stay competitive in the industry.
XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language. It’s a markup language very similar to HTML.
HTML was created with a focus on displaying data, while XML was created solely for storing and transporting data. Unlike HTML, XML tags are not predefined and are instead created by the author of the document.
XML is designed to streamline the sharing and transport of data, making it accessible across various platforms and hardware. W3schools’ guide offers more information on XML and its functionality.
For web developers, one of the most important aspects of building a website is CSS. This Cascading Style Sheets language is responsible for controlling the look and feel of a website. It can be used to manipulate fonts, border sizes, colours and other visual aspects of the site. Prior to HTML 4, style settings were written directly into the HTML code; this made it very difficult to make any wide-scale changes across a website, as every page had to be adjusted individually. With CSS however, all of the styling information can be put in one file which can then be applied across an entire website at once using only minimal effort.
Not only does this save time when making changes across a website but it also helps with clarity and makes sure styling elements are consistent throughout the site. Websites that have separate files for HTML content and style sheets look much cleaner than those with all their styling embedded in HTML – so if you plan on creating your own websites or applications then using CSS should be first on your list! All modern web development tools now take advantage of CSS and for good reason – it’s an incredibly powerful tool that has revolutionized how we view web design.
One of my favorite online resources is freeCodeCamp. It’s a non-profit coding bootcamp that provides users with an incredible curriculum for learning these core languages in addition to built-in coding environment. This makes it a great option if you’re a beginner yet not completely sure if this is something you would like to pursue. However, one downside of freeCodeCamp is that they don’t offer structured video content which can be beneficial for beginners who prefer visual instructions. If videos are more up your alley, there are other options available such as Codecademy, Udacity or Udemy which feature comprehensive courses taught by experienced instructors.
Books and articles on web development
The back-end of website development is responsible for the logical functions and hidden processes that happen behind the scenes. This includes tasks such as handling user authentication, data validation, business logic, and other operations difficult for users to see. The key components necessary for setting up and running a successful back-end are a web server, server-side programming language, and database.
A successful combination of these three main elements is essential to developing a professional yet secure website with reliable performance on the back-end that maximize user engagement between servers and clients.
A server is a computer used to store website components like files, code, and databases. Typically, servers are set up on operating systems like Linux or Windows, and this type of setup is referred to as centralized hosting since all the components are stored in one location and accessed from there.
In more recent times, however, serverless architectures have become popular due to them being more decentralized. This means the different components of an application can be stored with different vendors instead of on one single server. This provides more flexibility and scalability, but even still there must be some form of server involved to host your website files at least.
Using a combination of one or several server-side programming language and framework makes it much easier to develop reliable, secure applications that have all of the logic running on the server. It is then up to the client’s browser to evaluate what is shown to them based on what data it receives from your program running in the backend. Additionally, when setting up an application it is important to make sure that you set up suitable security protocols such as authentication systems so that your users can securely access your application.
Databases are essential components for any website or web application. They allow developers to store data in a structured manner and quickly query it as needed. Relational databases, such as Microsoft SQL Server or MySQL, are the most popular type of databases. These systems use the Structured Query Language (SQL) to manage table and record creating, editing, reading, and deleting operations. Tables composed of rows and columns form the basis of all SQL relational databases, with each row representing a single entity.
NoSQL databases have become more popular in recent years due to their lighter load and faster query response times. Unlike traditional SQL-based relational databases, NoSQL stores the data in a JSON file instead of tables. These documents can contain various types of fields like strings, integers, arrays and objects that offer additional flexibility when compared to tables. Despite this flexibility however NoSQL may not be suitable for certain applications that require more complex data sets to be handled efficiently.
Acquire the necessary tools to begin.
Basic Text Editor
A basic text editor is an essential tool for any programmer. It can be used to store, modify, and visualize code efficiently. The key features of a basic text editor are syntax highlighting, customizable fonts and colors, line numbering, auto-indentation, spell checker and macro support.
Notepad ++ is a great option for Windows users because it offers a wide variety of features that are both intuitive and user friendly. It has syntax highlighting capabilities for many popular programming languages such as C++ and XML. In addition, Notepad ++ has an easy-to use interface with shortcuts available for every button so you don’t have to remember them all manually.
Atom is another excellent choice for enabling software development on MacOS, Windows or Linux systems. It has a clutter-free design ideal for beginners, yet has powerful features like multiple pane editing capabilities, script packages, source code integration and theme customization options that make it suitable even for experienced coders. It also supports project management tools such as git which teams will find especially useful in managing their workflow better.
Web browsers are essential tools for website development and coding. There are various popular options available, such as Chrome, Safari, Microsoft Edge, Firefox, Brave, and Opera. Installing multiple browsers on your device is recommended to ensure website functionality and consistency across different browsers.
When determining which option is best for you, consider the differences between each one beyond simple personal preference. Chrome is great for both accessibility and security while Safari is more suited towards Mac users who are already familiar with Apple products such as iPhones or iPad devices. For storage and customizability purposes Microsoft Edge has made great strides over recent years despite past privacy issues. Firefox is still a popular choice amongst web developers for its customizing abilities and intuitive design along with receiving frequent security updates over time. Brave and Opera are other popular choices that boast faster browsing speeds whilst working well on mobile too. Ultimately taking into account your individual needs when choosing platforms can be beneficial in terms of meeting development goals quickly and effectively – leading to happier end users!
Local Web Server
Setting up a local web server is an essential step in web development. It lets developers test their code on a machine without the need to publish it online, allowing them to refine layouts, scripts and introduce new features during the process. This helps make sure that the website performs as expected once launched.
XAMPP is one of the most popular options for running a server with cross-platform compatibility in Mac, Windows or Linux machines. It offers an easy way to create websites and web applications with its user-friendly Graphical User Interface (GUI). On the other hand, MAMP is also available for users of Mac and Windows and is based upon Apache server technology; it provides similar functionality but lacks graphical interface tools making it best suited for experienced users. Both XAMPP and MAMP are great alternatives when looking to set up a local web server quickly.
Graphics editors are useful for web developers who want to create and modify graphical elements for their site. While the Adobe Creative Suite is widely considered the industry standard, its monthly cost may not be feasible for beginners. Fortunately, there are various free alternatives available, including GIMP and Inkscape, which are popular open source options that can assist in transitioning from amateur to professional design.
GIMP is a free version of Adobe Photoshop, designed to make digital image editing easy and painless while still being powerful enough to handle complex tasks. With it, users will have access to many tools such as layers, color management, effects, selection tools and more. This makes it suitable for creating high-quality images with crisp effects without having to invest in expensive software.
Inkscape is another open-source application, originally a fork of Adobe Illustrator’s vector graphics editor. This allows developers to create logos and illustrations quickly while taking advantage of features like Bezier curves and meshes for further control over their designs. Inkscape even includes advanced features like gradients, mesh distortions and alpha blending which make it easier than ever to turn your ideas into
There are some additional tools for front end development that may be worth learning.
Front end web development is a complex endeavor, but with the right tools, it can be immensely rewarding. There are various tools available to developers that make the coding process easier, faster, and more efficient. One such tool is a repository manager like GitHub or Bitbucket. Repository managers help manage and keep track of different project versions so multiple people can work on code simultaneously. In addition, they provide version control and allow for easy sharing between collaborators.
Package managers are an essential part of front end development, as they allow developers to quickly and easily install libraries and other dependencies. A dependency is a third-party piece of software that performs a specific task or solves a problem. By using package managers, developers can find the exact library or dependency they require to get their project up and running.
Npm is one type of package manager for front end development, allowing programmers to find and install packages with ease. Npm stores thousands of different libraries and tools in its registry which developers can pull from at any time. With npm, users can also update packages to the latest version, roll back to previous versions and even uninstall packages without needing deep technical knowledge.
Build tools can be incredibly useful for developers, especially when it comes to tedious and error-prone tasks. Gulp is a popular build tool in the development community that automates specific development-related tasks such as starting a local server or preprocessing CSS files. With Gulp, you can quickly perform repetitive tasks that would otherwise need to be done manually – allowing you to focus on more important aspects of software development.
Version control systems are critical for web development. They allow developers to make changes to their code and track them for debugging and refactoring. Git is a popular version control system that syncs multiple versions of code for easy reversion. GitHub, owned by Microsoft, allows users to store and collaborate on projects using Git. This makes it easier for everyone to stay up-to-date. With strong version control tools like these, we can manage and organize our projects and code over the long term.
Responsive design is an important concept for modern web developers. It’s a method of designing websites so that they function and display properly on a variety of devices, from large desktop monitors to small handheld cellphones. We use so many different internet-enabled devices these days, and each one requires different adaptations in order to access the same website content. Responsive design is meant to simplify this process by creating websites that automatically adjust themselves to fit any device used to access them.
From scaling text size and spacing between elements, to hiding non-essential content on small screens, responsive design involves making sure website visitors can interact with the content in the same way regardless of the device they are using. This makes it easier for developers to ensure their websites look great across all platforms without having to constantly duplicate code or produce separate versions for different mediums. Responsive design also reduces page loading time on mobile devices since there’s no need for them to download extra content that wouldn’t be able to display anyway. All in all, understanding responsive design is essential when building sites for today’s online world.
Sass is a powerful styling language that makes writing styles easier and simpler. It’s an extension of CSS that has a few extra features to make life easier, like variable storage and being able to separate files for better organization. With Sass, you can write your styles quickly and with less headaches than with normal CSS because of its features such as creating variables for colors or fonts, nesting, mixins, placeholder selectors and more. Plus, the structure of Sass resembles traditional programming syntax which makes it easier for us coders to switch between coding languages.
Start learning Sass today – you can easily get the hang of the basics in no time! There are many helpful resources out there, like the Scotch tutorial and Dev Ed video on YouTube if you’re just getting started. Once you know some basic concepts, dive into creating some really cool styling tricks that stand out from what vanilla CSS can do. Playing around with specific techniques will help you hone your skillset so don’t be afraid to experiment! In short it’s never been easier to get creative when making websites look different from everybody else’s!
4b: Basic back-end
The back-end of web development consists of three components: the server, server-side programming language, and database. The server handles requests from the front-end and provides responses, such as returning data or performing calculations. Server-side programming languages power the web application and allow for powerful functionality. PHP, Ruby, and Python are commonly used server-side languages. Databases store large amounts of data that can be accessed securely. Without a database system, applications would not function effectively. SQL databases like Oracle and MySQL and noSQL databases like MongoDB are commonly used.
In essence, without these three back-end components working together harmoniously, web applications would not be able to function properly nor offer the features that are now so readily available in today’s websites and applications we use every day. With a combination of hardware power and robust coding practices, these three components can communicated effectively with one another to efficiently handle requests from users both securely and quickly. To ensure your website or application runs smoothly it’s
The server is an absolutely essential component of any website or application, as it is where all the files, code and data are stored. A traditional server setup has all these components housed together, running on an operating system such as Linux or Windows. This type of architecture is often referred to as a ‘centralized’ system, meaning everything is housed in one place.
Serverless architectures are becoming increasingly popular due to their more decentralized setup. This type of architecture splits up the components, dealing with each individually while leveraging third party vendors for specific tasks. Even though it’s called ‘serverless’, though, you still need some kind of server to at least store your website files. Keeping up with the advancements in technology and making sure servers and apps are securely managed and supported is more important than ever.
Using one of these frameworks helps developers have an organized structure for their project that houses higher level features more easily which makes the development workflow smoother than if they went straight into writing raw code from scratch without any kind of framework in place. The most popular back-end frameworks include Django for Python, Rails for Ruby, Laravel for PHP, ASP .NET Core MVC or SignalR for C# & F#/.NET Core. Ultimately selecting a language and framework depends entirely on the needs of your project or business so be sure to do your research beforehand to make sure you’re using the best tool available to you.
Databases have become an essential storage tool for websites or applications, allowing developers to store and manage structured data such as contact information, user accounts, product inventories and more. The most popular and widely used database language today is SQL (Structured Query Language). In Database management systems, the data is stored in tables with rows and columns much like an Excel worksheet. In order to update, create or delete any table or row of information from the database, a query written in SQL syntax is used.
Databases are either deployed in Windows servers using Microsoft SQL Server technology or Linux Servers can be used with MySQL as the database engine. For modern web development projects which need lightning fast response time NoSQL databases have found their place as the primary data structure provider. These NoSQL databases typically store data in JSON files which make it easier to connect with APIs . All these elements combine into what we call the Database Server where all data gets stored for later use when needed by developers at front end level.
WordPress And Web Development
WordPress is the most popular website building platform available today. It’s incredibly easy to set up and offers an impressive array of features and options. You can select one of many WordPress templates to ensure your site looks just the way you like it, although some customization may be required for a truly personalized site. Even users without technical web development knowledge can typically edit a template with minimal effort and achieve the desired results.
If you’re looking for something more professional, however, web development skills are invaluable for creating child themes and adding functionalities not provided by your chosen template. Third-party WordPress site builders provide an alternate approach to help novices create complex sites faster than ever before. All in all, WordPress remains a great choice whether you’re comfortable with web development or not.
How Web Development And SEO Work Together
Web development and SEO have become inextricably linked over the last few years. It is no longer possible for a website to succeed at search engine optimization without understanding how web development impacts the performance of pages and websites. Page speed, for one, has had direct impact on search rankings for years now, so optimizing sites from a technical perspective can make a huge difference if done correctly. Web developers often rely on tools like Chrome Developer Tools to debug website performance issues and get to the root of what is causing slower page loads.
In order to be able to fully optimize sites through web design, developers must understand many different coding and building principles like structured data integration, automating meta descriptions, and making sure code is clean enough for search engine crawlers to understand it all easily. While some automated tools may be available that try to take care of such complex processes, utilizing web development skills can yield significantly better results than software-only solutions. Knowing how these various pieces interact when it comes to web success under SEO is essential in 2021, as competition continues to grow both online and off.
Website Development Is Key To Online Success
In today’s digital world, having a strong online presence is essential for any business or individual to achieve success. Website development plays a crucial role in this success as it is the foundation on which the website operates, including its design and features. Understanding web development fundamentals can help in achieving greater online success by enabling users to identify potential problems and suggest suitable solutions in an efficient manner. As such, gaining even a basic understanding of website development should be considered priority no matter what kind of organization you represent.
Learning web development can be challenging at first and many struggle with the concepts but once you begin to grasp the technology, more sophisticated projects become accessible. There are many guides and resources available to help better understand web development if you get stuck along the way. These include things such as how to launch a new website or how to choose the right domain name – both of which are critical in successfully building your brand or growing your business online. Becoming proficient in web development will make all aspects of online operations easier and more efficient; from content management systems, payment gateways, email marketing platforms, databases, and so much more.
Some tips to leave you with…
Learning to code can be overwhelming — there are so many languages, concepts, and tools to master! But with a few pointers in hand, anyone can make the process of learning web development a little less daunting.
First and foremost, don’t try to learn everything at once. Pick one skill and focus on mastering it. Jumping from tutorial to tutorial will only waste time and make your progress too slow. It’s ok to check out different resources and find out which one works best for you, but take the effort to go through it entirely before moving on. Doing so will help you build a firm base of knowledge, which is key for any beginner coder. Setting a pace that works best for you and breaking large tasks into small ones can also help when tackling more complicated subjects.
Additionally, it not just about developing technical skills: having patience, discipline, determination are soft skills that help inexperienced coders reach their goals. Balancing learning sessions with practice projects or debugging existing code is an effective way to accelerate your progress as well as gaining the hands-on experience employers look for in potential applicants. With this comprehensive approach any budding programmer can fulfill their dreams of becoming a great tech expert!